Headlines > News > ICBM Conversion Rocket Rokot 5 Years in Service

ICBM Conversion Rocket Rokot 5 Years in Service

Published by Klaus Schmidt on Mon Mar 19, 2007 12:46 pm
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On March 17, 2002 the first commercial Rokot with its upper stage Breeze-KM launched from Russia’s Plesetsk launch center. It carried the GRACE 1 and 2 satellites for Germany.

The Rokot launcher is based on the Soviet SS-19 ICBM enforced with a third stage, the Breeze-KM. It stands 28.5 meters tall and weighs about 107 tons. The payload is about 2 tons in a low Earth orbit (LEO). The price tag for this launcher is estimated to $13-15 millions.

It is developed and build by the Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center and commercially marketed by Eurockot Launch Services.

The Rokot is one example of the post-Soviet Union successful conversions of ICBMs to satellite launchers. Another well-known conversion is the Dnepr rocket with a higher payload capacity. But not every former ballistic missile seems to work fine, especially submarine-launched rockets faced several failures.

The currently last launch took place in July 2006 with the successful orbiting of the KOMPSat-II Earth observation satellite.

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