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SFS News: Hubble Scores a Perfect Ten

Posted by: Klaus Schmidt - Thu Oct 30, 2008 4:11 pm
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SFS News: Hubble Scores a Perfect Ten 
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Post SFS News: Hubble Scores a Perfect Ten   Posted on: Thu Oct 30, 2008 4:11 pm
(NASA) - NASA's Hubble Space Telescope is back in business.

Just a couple of days after the orbiting observatory was brought back online, Hubble aimed its prime working camera, the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2), at a particularly intriguing target, a pair of gravitationally interacting galaxies called Arp 147.

The image demonstrated that the camera is working exactly as it was before going offline, thereby scoring a "perfect 10" both for performance and beauty.

The two galaxies happen to be oriented so that they appear to mark the number 10. The left-most galaxy, or the "one" in this image, is relatively undisturbed apart from a smooth ring of starlight. It appears nearly on edge to our line of sight. The right- most galaxy, resembling a "zero," exhibits a clumpy, blue ring of intense star formation.

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Credit: NASA, ESA, and M. Livio (STScI)

The blue ring was most probably formed after the galaxy on the left passed through the galaxy on the right. Just as a pebble thrown into a pond creates an outwardly moving circular wave, a propagating ring of higher density was generated at the point of impact. As this excess density collided with outer material that was moving inward due to the gravitational pull of the two galaxies, shocks and dense gas were produced, stimulating star formation.

The dusty reddish knot at the lower left of the blue ring probably marks the location of the original nucleus of the galaxy that was hit.

Arp 147 appears in the Arp Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies, compiled by Halton Arp in the 1960s and published in 1966. This picture was assembled from WFPC2 images taken with three separate filters. The blue, visible-light, and infrared filters are represented by the colors blue, green, and red, respectively.

The galaxy pair was photographed on October 27-28, 2008. Arp 147 lies in the constellation Cetus, and it is more than 400 million light-years away from Earth.

The Hubble Space Telescope is a project of international cooperation between NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) and is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in Greenbelt, Md. The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) conducts Hubble science operations. The institute is operated for NASA by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., Washington, D.C.

STScI is an International Year of Astronomy 2009 (IYA 2009) program partner.

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Post    Posted on: Sat Nov 01, 2008 5:25 pm
I could be wrong, but wasn't WFPC2 supposed to be replaced by the Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3)?


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Post    Posted on: Sun Nov 02, 2008 7:26 pm
That's right, but why not use Hubble again when it's back to life? :)

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Post    Posted on: Sun Nov 02, 2008 8:02 pm
pfff, Hubble, no match for my photos, in my back garden, sat in england, in the rain!....... hehe! ...cracking image there!

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