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Field propulsion

Posted by: jswalter9 - Thu Aug 07, 2003 11:09 pm
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Field propulsion 
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Post Field propulsion   Posted on: Thu Aug 07, 2003 11:09 pm
Is anybody planning to implement field propulsion on this?


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Post    Posted on: Sat Aug 16, 2003 10:05 pm
What is field propulsion?

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I have an idea for taking the X-prize using a catapult but require approx. US$2.5 M to built it.
The first phase would be to build a test device to prove principles and zero in on some parameters.


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Post    Posted on: Sun Oct 19, 2003 11:21 pm
Gravity Concepts, Sec. 70, Rev. Mar. 2002

HOME <GRAVITY CONCEPTS> CREATE MOMENTUM RF ENERGY CONCEPT



Field Propulsion
Radiant Press > Gravity Shield.> Gravity Anomal.> Rad.-Energy >
Inertia & Magnetism > <Field Propel > Rad. Images > Grav. Links > Review Letters
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NATURAL INTERACTION
The radiant pressure model suggests that the isotropic radiant energy flows may be focused, diverted or transformed in frequency with existing electrical and mechanical technology to utilize the forces called gravity and inertia. Presently, only passive methods are in use to interact with the forces. Once one visualizes the radiant pressure model as a possible cause for the forces at a distance, various experimental methods for focusing and shielding the forces become self evident. We have become so accustomed to the classical theories that the following interaction descriptions may prove difficult to visualize.

Radioactivity: The atom of radium continuously provides a source of energy in the heat spectrum, because it is a sink for prime radiant energy in the higher frequency spectra. The classical concept that an undefined attribute called mass, within an object, is being converted to energy is not possible in this model. Mass does not reside in an object. The force phenomenon that we attribute to mass is a mutual interaction involving the radiation of space and the radiation resonance points manifesting as particulate matter.

Inertia: When one holds a spinning gyroscope and feels the resistance to angular motion there can only be one answer; radiant space is supplying the force. If a stone could be shielded from the prime inertial flow it would glance off a glass mirror like a light beam. The prime inertial radiant flow of space is interacting on the stone. The mass is not in the stone.

Weight: When lifting an object you are not feeling an unknown force field between the earth and the object. The earth has interacted with the space by shielding and the space is singularly responsible for the force you feel. It is important to view the process this way to begin to realize the power density in every cubic inch of space. Once we are able to focus this flow, it will not only be possible to counteract gravity on an object, but it will also be possible to magnify the effect. The force you feel when lifting is caused by the unbalanced flow of radiant space. The only attribute within the object is the ability to shadow the unbalanced flow. The weight (force) is not in the object.

Electrical Induction: The mechanical force and multi-megawatts of power within a transformer and motor are not transferred from the winding to the iron and copper but from the winding to space and from space to the iron and secondary windings.

Magnetic Attraction: When a strong magnet is held very near an iron object it is said that the magnet is pulling on the iron. In order to visualize this model it is critical to understand that the magnet is not pulling on the iron and the iron is not pulling on the magnet . They are each interacting with radiant space and space alone is touching and acting on the objects. From the 1/R squared feature of this force it is clear that it is due to radiation and shadowing. Yet there is no known EM radiant frequency associated with a static magnet. This is another clear example of the prime radiant flow density in space. The cause of the force of magnetism does not reside in the magnet.

Stimulated Electromagnetic Emission (SEE): The SEE process is normally viewed as the basic physical process used in the MASER and LASER systems. MASER is the acronym for the process of Microwave Amplification via Stimulated Emission of Radiation. LASER is the acronym for the process of Light Amplification via Stimulated Emission of Radiation.
When these SEE processes are explained from the view point of this Prime Radiation model,... a revolutionary view of the processes is obtained.
In this Prime Radiation Model it is not possible for matter to store energy in electron orbits. All apparent storage of energy results from the addition of harmonic frequencies to the existing confluence of harmonics which make up the atom. The apparent return of "stored" energy (emission) results when the particle (confluence of harmonics) decays to the ambient level of radiation intensity for those added harmonics. This suggests that the LASER, MASER, Magnetic Resonance and Moray's energy processes may be the first controllable artificial systems for resonant interaction with the infinite plenum of prime radiation energy. Our common process of inertial propulsion interacts with the prime radiation energy but does not readily present the possibility of extracting excess energy through stimulated resonance.

The standard explanation for the physical process of SEE attributes the energy manifestation to populations of electrons particles jumping between orbits and emitting internally stored quantum packets of energy . Do we know what an electron is, or if it really exists as a particle with orbits and momentum?


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ARTIFICIAL INTERACTION
The electric arc is a good example of frequency transformation. From the mass spectrograph, we know the electron and ions interact with the EM and inertial spectrums simultaneously. Within the arc, the disturbances or modulations of the prime spectrum are manifested as heat, light, ultraviolet, and x-ray frequencies following the Fourier analysis. The energy we see manifested in the electric arc is coming from the space around the arc. The electric energy we are supplying is only establishing the conditions for the transformation. Ball lightning is comparable to the electric arc, where radiant space has supplied its own conditions for the manifested energy spectra transformations.

When artificial unbalance of the gravitational radiant flows occur, physical movements now considered impossible become commonplace. An object within the unbalanced flow is essentially falling with the flow. Instantaneous velocity changes can occur with no inertial forces evident. An object capable of focusing this radiant flow would not encounter atmospheric friction. A column of air would be falling in the same direction and speed with the object. Thus, no atmospheric heating or sound would result. The distance, speed and acceleration of the object would have little relation to any energy expenditures.

The mathematical models and the current gravitational theories have yet to lead to any known significant projects, financial support, plans or results for controlling interaction with gravity or inertia. This radiant pressure model is easily visualized, and contains many features inviting continued research, thus allowing many participants to make predictions and devise tests that may lead to interaction or improvements of the model.

When this model of matter and force is visualized as a total system, the radiant flow of space becomes substance and every thing we call matter is only deformation and shadow in the radiant flow. The simplicity of a shadowing system is so pronounced that it becomes one of the defining characteristics. It seems to be proving the quotation "The last thing a deep sea fish will ever discover is water". We are existing and swimming in this deep sea of radiant flow and have failed to recognize its existence.

Artificial interaction should be possible by diversion of the balanced flows to cause an effective unbalance. An object on the Earth's surface has a balanced flow from all sides and an unbalanced flow from top to bottom due to the Earth's shielding from below. If the balanced flows from the sides could be diverted to axial flow as in a vortex it may then be possible to modify this focused axial flow in order to balance the normal gravitational unbalance.

The following is a list of the obvious methods available to interact with the radiant flows of space. Some combination of these methods of interaction should provide a path to obtain focus and control of the isotropic radiant flow of space.


Inertial Spectra
Flywheel
Mechanical/Acoustical Resonance
Vibration
Electromagnetic Spectra
Static Charge
Magnetism
Electromagnetic Radiation
Standing Waves with antennas and Space
Combined Inertial and EM Spectra
Piezoelectric Crystals
Ions
Electrons and Protons
Electron Ballistics
A spinning flywheel and vibration are two methods to obtain strong interaction with the inertial radiant spectrum. An ionized plasma is a method to interact with the inertial and EM spectra. Extreme charges, magnetism and microwaves are available to provide shielding interaction in the EM spectrum.

The impedance of space, 277 ohms, suggests another avenue available for artificial interaction via radio energy. There is evidence that a plasma resonance will produce radio frequency energy in the EM spectrum that apparently is derived from the prime inertial spectrum.

From the available methods for combining forces to control interaction it would seem most promising to begin experimenting with the forces of inertia and magnetism. They both exist in the prime inertial radiant spectrum and have a strong force flow available that can be readily modified. One obvious approach would be to try unbalancing a magnet or electromagnet with the extreme forces available with flywheel shielding. Early attempts (circa1976) at unbalancing an electromagnet by applying 300 KV DC to shielding did not produce any favorable results.


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APPENDIX A1-A7
Planet Parameters (1) Table 4 A1
Planet Diameter Mass Escape
Velocity
Mean Miles Tons Miles/Sec.
Moon 2.16K 81ep18* 1.5
Mercury 2.91K 360ep18 2.6
Mars 4.14K 705ep18 3.1
Venus 7.58K 5.36ep21 6.4
Earth 7.91K 6.59ep21 7.0
Neptune 27.8K** 116ep21 15.1
Uranus 29.5K 96ep21 13.6
Saturn 72.3K 625ep21 22.0
Jupiter 86.6K 2.09ep24 37.5
Sun 865K 2.2ep27 383

* K is 1X10^3, ep is 1X10^...
** Assumed wrong per discussion in text.
(1) "Reference" list item no. 5) D. Bergamini ...

TABLE 4 APPENDIX A1


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Planet Parameters (2) Table 5 A2
Planet Diameter Mass Surface
Gravity
Km Earth=1 Earth=1
Moon --- --- ---
Mercury 4,880 0.055 0.37
Mars 6,787 0.108 0.38
Venus 12,104 0.815 0.88
Earth 12,756 1 1
Neptune 49,500 17.2 1.18
Uranus 51,800* 14.6 1.17
Saturn 120,000 95.2 1.15
Jupiter 142,800 317.9 2.64
Sun NA NA NA

* Changed per discussion in text.
(2) " Reference" list entry no. 4) J. D. Goguens and C. Sagen
Base line data: Earth diameter is 7926 miles,
Earth density is 5.5, water is 1.

TABLE 5 APPENDIX A2
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Calculations: Black Shadow Path Length A3
The DENSARE pressure, or unbalanced flow, existing for a given point on a volume of matter is directly proportional to the shadowing from below, which in turn is proportional to the path length through the volume in the direction of interest. Thus, the DENSARE is proportional to the volume's path length until the maximum densare pressure is reached.

The known value of the black shadow densare is the space maximum of 1.52 X10exp14 tons per square mile for passive shielding as taken from the plateau on the densare curve.

The length of the black shadow path necessary to achieve maximum pressure can be found from the geometry of the Earth once the projected black shadow area is known. The ratio of the projected black shadow area to the gray area can be determined when the average densare pressure for the gray section is found. The value of the gray shadow densare and the corresponding path length is a function of the gray section volume and projected area.

The simultaneous solution of the area ratio equation and the average gray shadow equation yields the value for the depth of Earth material required to completely shield the radiant flow of the gravitational spectrum.
This depth of Earth material is called the minimum black shadow path length. The laborious trigonometry solution presented here should be easily replaceable by a few calculus equations.



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Calculations: Black Shadow Path Length cont.
APPENDIX A4
Definitions A4
Dbs = Densare of black shadow area.
" = 1.52 X 10^14 tons per square mile.
Abs = Area black shadow projection.
avg Dgs = Average Densare gray shadow.
Ags = Area gray shadow projection.
Lbs = Length of black shadow path.
avg Lgs = Average length of gray shadow path
de = Diameter Earth
Ae = Area Earth projection or cross section
We = Weight of Earth apparent
avg De = Average densare of Earth.
" " = We/Ae
" " = 1.335 X10^14 tons per square mile.
Q = Angle with sin of Lbs/de, = UNKNOWN degrees.
K = (avg De)/Dbs , = 1.335 X 10^14/1.52 X 10^14
K = 0.878 ratio
R = Radius of Earth
DENSARE = Unbalanced radiant pressure due to shadowing.
" = units of tons per square mile

APPENDIX A4
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Calculations: Black Shadow Path Length cont. A5
November 17, 1995

The total projected force unbalance or apparent weight of the Earth equals; the black shadow area times the space maximum densare pressure of 1.52 X 10^14 tons per square mile, plus the product of the gray shadow area times its average densare pressure.

Eq# 1 Dbs Abs + avg Dgs Ags = We of Earth

Refer to figure 2 and the definition for the parameter descriptions.
The average densare of the gray shadow area, avg Dgs, is proportional to its corresponding average path length in the same ratio as the black shadow densare is proportional to its corresponding minimum path length.

Eq# 2 avg Lgs/ avg Dgs = Lbs/ Dbs

From figure 2 the angle Q is seen to be , jumping to equation,

Eq# 10 Q = angle with sin of LBs/ De

The area of the black shadow is,

Eq# 11 Abs = Ae cos^2 Q

The area of the gray shadow is,

Eq# 12 Ags = Ae sin^2 Q

Equation 1 now becomes,

Eq# 1a DbsAe cos^2 Q + avg DgsAe sin^2 Q = We

The total weight of the Earth is equal to the average densare De times the total projected area.

Eq# 13 We = avg DeAe

Substituting this into Eq 1a and dividing by Ae gives

Eq# 1b Dbs cos^2 Q + avg Dgs sin^2 Q = avg De

Eq# 1c cos^2 Q + sin^2 Q X Dgs/Dbs = De/Dbs




APPENDIX A5


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Calculations: Black Shadow Path Length cont. A6-A7
From the list of definitions:
avg De = 1.335 X 10^14 tons per sq. mile

Dbs = 1.52 X 10^14 tons per sq. mile

From Eq# 2 avg Dgs/Dbs = avg Lgs/Lbs

Substituting these into Eq 1c gives,

Eq# 1d cos^2 Q + sin^2 Q Lgs/Lbs = 0.878

The average length of the gray shadow path, Lgs, is found by dividing the volume of the gray shadow matter, Vgs , by the projected gray shadow area, Ags.

Eq# 3 avg Lgs = Vgs/ Ags

From the geometry of a sphere the gray shadow volume is,

Eq# 13 Vgs =(4/3) Pi R^3 sin^3 Q

From Eq# 12 Ags = Ae sin^2 Q

Eq# 12a Ags = Pi R^2 sin^2 Q

Combining Eq# 13 and Eq# 12a in Eq# 3 gives,

Eq# 3a avg Lgs = (4/3)R sin Q

From figure 2 and Eq# 10.

Eq# 10a Lbs = 2R sin Q

The ratio of the average gray shadow path length, Lgs, to the black shadow path length, Lbs , is,

Eq# 2a avg Lgs/ Lbs = 2/3

Returning to Eq# 1c we can now solve for Q.

Eq# 1c cos^2 Qo + sin^2 Qo (2/3) = 0.878

From the trigonometric identity, cos^2 Q = 1 - sin^2 Q

Eq# 1d (1 - sin^2 Q) + (2/3) sin^2 Q = 0.878

Eq# 1e sin Q = 0.642

Eq# 1d Q = 37.2 degrees


With this angle now known it is possible to calculate the Earth's Shadow Characteristics listed in the Total shielding path length section of this paper, Table 3.


APPENDIX A7
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References
T. Henry Moray, The Sea of Energy, 5th Edition
V. V. Radzryevskiy and I. I. Kagalnikova, The Nature of Gravitation 1960 FTD-TT-64-323 USAF
N. Schein, Dk. M. Haskin and R. G. Glasser, Phys. Rev. 95 855 1954.
J. D. Goguens and C.Sagen., The Solar System, Scientific American, Sept. 1975
D. Bergamini, The Universe. Time Inc. 1962
Science News, Vol. 110, pg. 58. The Multi-Ply-Spinning Proton,
Erwin J. Saxl and Mildred Allen. Solar Eclipse as Seen by Torsion Pendulum, Physical Review D 3:3:823-825, 1971
J. Eberhart A Matter of Gravity, Sci. News, Oct 18, 1975
W. R. Beam, Microwave Applications. Handbook of Semiconductor Electronics, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill.
George W. Hill The Radiant Universe, 1952



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Page created by: sbyers11@ix.netcom.com
Revised: March , 2002

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